Aesthetic issues, quality of life, and the creation of liveable and pleasant places drive much of the new processes of production of urban space. This attention to urban lifestyles has resulted in the growing importance of a symbolic economy based on the production of desires, cultural symbols, and the spaces in which they are created and consumed. The symbolic value of culture entails a means of social differentiation, and for this reason cultural infrastructures have played a major role in attracting the new middle-class to city centres. Museums and cultural activities have been used as an instrument in which the symbolic value of culture makes possible the revaluation of the invested economic capital through the increase of the land price. And so, cultural infrastructures represent a central neoliberal solution to ‘regenerate derelict areas’, that is to say, to gentrify working class neighbourhoods.

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